Open Access

On the Way towards Fourth-Generation Mobile: 3GPP LTE and LTE-Advanced

  • David Martín-Sacristán1,
  • Jose F. Monserrat1Email author,
  • Jorge Cabrejas-Peñuelas1,
  • Daniel Calabuig1,
  • Salvador Garrigas1 and
  • Narcís Cardona1
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking20092009:354089

DOI: 10.1155/2009/354089

Received: 31 January 2009

Accepted: 18 June 2009

Published: 3 August 2009


Long-Term Evolution (LTE) is the new standard recently specified by the 3GPP on the way towards fourth-generation mobile. This paper presents the main technical features of this standard as well as its performance in terms of peak bit rate and average cell throughput, among others. LTE entails a big technological improvement as compared with the previous 3G standard. However, this paper also demonstrates that LTE performance does not fulfil the technical requirements established by ITU-R to classify one radio access technology as a member of the IMT-Advanced family of standards. Thus, this paper describes the procedure followed by the 3GPP to address these challenging requirements. Through the design and optimization of new radio access techniques and a further evolution of the system, the 3GPP is laying down the foundations of the future LTE-Advanced standard, the 3GPP candidate for 4G. This paper offers a brief insight into these technological trends.

Publisher note

To access the full article, please see PDF.

Authors’ Affiliations

iTEAM Research Institute, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia


© David Martín-Sacristán et al. 2009

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.